We reported, noticias.latam.msn.com, in relation to 2008, poverty in the region will increase by 1.1%, while poverty will grow by 0.8%, to total 189 million poor (34 , 1% of the population), comprising some 76 million poor (13.7% of the population). "These numbers indicate a change in the trend of poverty reduction that had been recording the region," says the ECLAC Social Panorama of the document Poverty 2009, presented at the headquarters of the organization under the United Nations in Santiago, Chile After a boom that lasted for six years, Latin America will close 2009 with a fall in GDP of 1.9%, marked by the crisis impacted on international poverty indicators in the region, according to ECLAC. "Nine million people amount to almost a quarter of the population that poverty between 2002 and 2008 (41 million), thanks to higher economic growth, expansion of social spending, the demographic and improvements in distribution" According to the study. But the impact of this crisis would be less than previous years due to the greater willingness of governments to support fiscal and monetary measures, and the sustained increase in social spending, but will require rethinking some social programs. No doubt, it is said that the projected increase in poverty for 2009 delayed the implementation of the first Millennium Development Goal (Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger by 2015): 85% progress to record the region in this area in 2008 would fall to 78% in 2009. Poverty in the region hit harder for women and children, while Mexico is expected to be the most affected country.
According to ECLAC, the poverty indicator is 1.7 times higher in children under 15 years than in adults (mostly in Argentina, Brazil and Panama) and 1.15 times higher in women than in men (especially in Panama Costa Rica and Dominican Republic). Also, exposure to poverty among women is higher than men in all countries of the region and is known more in Panama (1.37 times), Costa Rica (1.30), Dominican Republic (1 , 25), Chile (1.24) and Uruguay (1.21. From here, to discuss with insistence that, "Urge long-term policies aimed at children and young people, who are the productive engines of the future society, and facilitate the employability of women not further perpetuating the cycle of poverty, "said the Mexican Alicia Barcena, Executive Secretary of ECLAC. In this regard, ECLAC recommended expanding school enrollment and coverage of children under five years, extended school days and punish discrimination women in the labor market, among other measures. Definitely, the 180 million poor people in Latin America has joined the nine million 'new poor'. For the World Bank, unemployment and debt refinancing will be the subjects large for economies in 2010.