> The ancient philosophy was a philosophy-historical epoch. Until more than 1100 years, from about 600 BC (624 BC was born as the eldest representative Thales) in the year 529, when Roman Emperor Justinian I close the Platonic Academy. Their main venues were the ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. The philosophy of antiquity was geographically restricted to the Mediterranean. Other important philosophical traditions of antiquity were the Chinese philosophy (since 1000 BC) and the Indian Philosophy were influential (since 1000 BC), the culture of Judaism, of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and the Persian Empire. In Europe, the philosophy of the middle ages followed on the ancient philosophy. The philosophers of antiquity can be broadly classified into different groups.
Those who have participated before Socrates called the pre-socratics (approximately 600 BC to 400 BC). The former worldview characterized by myths and gods is replaced to begin philosophical and scientific explanations. The Greek classical period (500-300 BC) begins with Socrates. At this time, Athens was the spiritual center of Greece, Socrates ‘ disciple Plato and his student Aristotle were the two most important and until today the most influential philosophers. To the classic, you can count the Epicurean, the Kyrenaiker, also the sophist, the cynics and the Stoics.
The philosophy of the Hellenistic period followed the classic, this philosophy of late Antiquity. The philosophy of the Renaissance and humanism as epoch (approximately above 1400 until after) 1600) is a section of the history of philosophy, which can be viewed as transitional subject to the primacy of theology philosophy of the middle ages to the philosophy of the modern era. Renaissance means rebirth. The period is referred to as because the texts of ancient Greek and Roman philosophers have been newly received and at the same time was a detachment of the medieval schools of Scholasticism. The philosophy of the Renaissance and humanism and thus the studia humanitatis was still quite medieval traditions in their ways of working, worked so speculative and text-based, it opened more and more already existing scientific questions and methods, which will be the dominant theme of the philosophy of modern times but.