The advance of the capitalism in the last few decades and the investments in the cities, with the populations searching access to the technologies had contributed so that, the campesina population was forgotten on the part the public managers as for the investments them public politics. What itself it saw in the second half of century XX, for the whole world was the sped up displacement of the campesina population abandoning the agricultural way, in search them cities deluded for the utopia of the best quality of life and the search of other activities and ways of sustentation, what is called of agricultural exodus. Ahead of this scene the concern of the Brazilian government grows to create one National Politics that takes care of to this group. Thus facing the difficulties lived for the agriculturist making possible in such a way the permanence of the agriculturist in the field thus improving its quality of life and its family. agriculture is historically, one of the main bases of the Brazilian economy since the primrdios of the settling until century XXI, evolving of the extensive cultivations for the production diversification.
Initially producing of sugar cane-of? sugar, passing for the coffee, Brazilian agriculture is presented as one of the exporting greaters of the world in diverse species of cereals and grains among others. Although this the Brazilian agriculture of the agrarian reform the forest fires; of the agricultural exodus to the financing of the production; of the escoradora net the economic viabilizao of familiar agriculture: involving questions politics, social ambient, and economic. Since its origin, Brazil possesss a great land concentration, first in the known system as sesmarias, that were valid up to 1822 and that it gave origin to the current large states. In 1850 the law of the lands was promulgated, that kept the system of land concentration in large state and that it remained up to 1964, when the dictatorship prepared the statute of land.